CORONAVIRUS, an update for your information

 

This note and the information on the website has been produced on behalf of the Parish Council as a guide to residents and will be updated as and when circumstances change.’

What is a coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause disease in animals. Seven, including the new virus, have made the jump to humans but most just cause common cold-like symptoms.

Two coronaviruses – Middle East respiratory syndrome (Mers) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars) – are much more severe, having killed more than 1,500 people between them since 2002.

The new virus, known as 2019-nCoV, is also more dangerous. So far, around 15 to 20 per cent of hospital cases have been classed as “severe” and the current death rate stands at about two per cent.

This is much lower than Mers (30 per cent) or Sars (10 per cent) but still a significant threat. The authorities in China say the death rate in Hubei province, the epicenter of the outbreak, is higher at 3 per cent.

This is thought to because of an initial squeeze on hospital beds.

What are the symptoms of the new coronavirus?

According to the NHS and the WHO, symptoms of the coronavirus usually include:

  • A cough and/or sore throat
  • A high temperature
  • Feeling tired
  • Difficulty breathing

These symptoms are similar to other respiratory diseases, including flu and the common cold. So if you have symptoms consider the following:

  • Have you travelled in the last two weeks to a high risk area?
  • Have you been in contact with someone who has?

How quickly do symptoms emerge?

Symptoms are thought to appear between two and 10 days after contracting the virus.

There is also some evidence, as yet unconfirmed, that the virus can be spread by asymptomatic people – that is people who carry the virus but are not yet very sick.

If this is correct it may make the virus considerably more difficult to control.

When should I seek medical help?

If you have travelled to Wuhan or Hubei Province in China (or another significantly affected area)  in the last two weeks, or have been in close contact with someone who has and feel unwell, call NHS 111 for advice now.

Public Health England defines close contact as being within two meters of someone for 15 minutes or more or sharing a room for a prolonged period.

Do NOT go straight to a doctor’s surgery or hospital as, if you have the virus, you risk spreading it to others.

The NHS is asking anyone returning from Wuhan or Hubei Province to “self-quarantine” themselves for two weeks, that is stay away from work and other busy places and take care interacting with others.

How is the new coronavirus spread and how can I protect myself?

Hand hygiene is the first and most important line of defence.

Like cold and flu bugs, the new virus is spread via droplets when a person coughs or sneezes.  The droplets land on surfaces and are picked up on the hands of others and spread further. People catch the virus when they touch their infected hands to their mouth, nose or eyes.

It follows that the single most important thing you can do to protect yourself is to keep your hands clean by washing them frequently with soap and water or a hand sanitising gel.

Also try to avoid touching your mouth, nose or eyes with unwashed hands – something we all do unconsciously on average about 15 times an hour.

Other tips include:

  • Carry a hand sanitiser with you to make frequent cleaning of hands easy
  • Always wash your hands before you eat
  • Be especially careful in busy airports and other public transport systems about touching things and then touching your face
  • Carry disposable tissues with you, cover your nose and mouth when you cough or sneeze and dispose of the tissue carefully (catch it, bin it, kill it)
  • Do not share snacks from packets or bowls that others are dipping their fingers into
  • Avoid shaking hands or cheek kissing if you suspect viruses are circulating
  • Regularly clean, not just your hands, but commonly used surfaces and devices you touch or handle

Is it just droplets from the nose and mouth that spread the new virus?

Probably not, but they are by far the most common risk.

The NHS is advising doctors that the virus is also likely to be contained in other bodily secretions including in blood, faeces and urine.

Here again, hand and surface hygiene is the key.

How can I protect my family, especially children?

Children are a major vector for the spread of droplet-based viruses because they interact physically so much with each other and are not the best at keeping themselves clean.

However, you can greatly lower the risk that children pose of spreading or catching viruses by:

  • Explaining to them how germs spread and the importance of good hand and face hygiene
  • Keeping household surfaces clean, especially kitchens, bathrooms and door handles
  • Using clean cloths to wipe surfaces, so you don’t transfer germs from one surface to another
  • Giving everyone their own towel and making sure they know not to share toothbrushes etc
  • Keep your home dry and airy (bugs thrive in musty environments)

What about face masks, do they work?

Paper face masks are not generally recommended by the NHS for ordinary citizens – with good reason.

They are ill-fitting and what protection they might initially provide soon expires. Worse, they quickly become moist inside providing the perfect environment for germs to thrive in. They also become a hazard for others if carelessly discarded.

However, an exception to this would be if you were displaying symptoms such as coughing or sneezing – then a mask may help prevent you spreading the virus to others in busy locations.

In hospitals, healthcare workers treating patients with the virus will wear masks but these are specialist devices and there are strict protocols they must follow to ensure they remain safe and effective.

 

Can the new coronavirus be treated?

There is no simple cure for the new coronaviruses – just as there is no cure for the common cold.

In more severe cases, the virus causes pneumonia, an infection that inflames the lungs and causes breathing difficulty. This is where the main danger lies.

Viral pneumonia cannot be treated with antibiotics and, for the moment at least, there are no antivirals specific to this particular virus.

Instead doctors focus on supporting patients’ lung function as best they can. They may be given oxygen or placed on a breathing machine (ventilator) in the most severe cases.

Other symptoms such as fever and discomfort will be treated using drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Secondary infections may be treated with antibiotics.

Are some groups of people more at risk than others?

Data from China suggests that people of all ages are at risk of contracting the virus .

However, as with most respiratory illnesses, it is likely to be the young and old who are most at risk once infected. People with a reduced chance of surviving pneumonia include:

  • Those over age 65
  • Children under the age of two
  • People with underlying health conditions or a weakened immune system

Of the first 425 confirmed deaths across mainland China, 80 per cent of victims were over the age of 60, and 75 per cent had some form of underlying disease. Two-thirds of the confirmed deaths were male.

Is there a vaccine for the new coronavirus?

There is currently no vaccine but researchers in the US, UK and China have already begun working on one, thanks to China’s prompt sharing of the virus’s genetic code.

However, any potential vaccine will not be available for up to a year and would most likely be given to health workers most at risk of contracting the virus first.

For now, it is a case of containment. China has started building several  1,000-bed hospitals to treat patients which it hopes to finish within days.

Capacity to treat patients who require both ventilation and isolation will also be the biggest challenge for the NHS if the virus takes hold in the UK.

What advice has the UK government issued?

The UK Chief Medical Officers have raised the risk to the public from low to moderate. But the risk to individuals remains low.

In addition to the advice on symptoms above, the British government is advising against “all but essential” travel to China and urging those already there to leave if they can.

If you are a British national in China and require assistance, please contact:

  • 24/7 number: +86 (0) 10 8529 6600
  • The FCO: (+44) (0)207 008 1500

Workers spray antiseptic solution on the arrival lobby amid rising public concerns over the possible spread of a new coronavirus at Incheon International Airport in South Korea CREDIT: Suh Myung-geon/Yonhap

What is happening at UK airports?

Public Health England has announced “enhanced monitoring of direct flights” from China and has a small rota of doctors on hand at Heathrow to provide information and deal with possible cases.

In other major hub airports around the world, the authorities have gone further and are checking passengers temperatures on arrival and distributing hand sanitisers to combat the spread of the virus.

Good quality research suggests that hand cleansing at Heathrow and nine other global air hubs could slash the spread of the virus spread by up to 40%.

Where is the best place to sit on a plane?

The best place to sit is at a window seat in the middle of the cabin, research suggests. This is is because it reduces your risk of being infected by droplets shed by people walking up and down the the aisles.

What is the difference between a coronavirus and a flu virus?

Coronaviruses and flu viruses might cause similar symptoms but genetically they are very different.

“Flu viruses incubate very rapidly – you tend to get symptoms two to three days after being infected, but coronaviruses take much longer,” said Professor Neil Ferguson, a disease outbreak scientist at Imperial College London.

“[With the] flu virus you become immune but there are lots of different viruses circulating. Coronaviruses don’t evolve in the same way as flu with lots of different strains, but equally our body doesn’t generate very good immunity,” he added.

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/wuhan-novel-coronavirus-information-for-the-public

 

Country walks around Westbury-sub-Mendip

Whatever the season, a country walk is a great way to get out and about.

Head for the Westbury-sub-Mendip Community Shop and pick up one of the Westbury Walks leaflets – they’re only 50p. All of the walks start and end at The Cross, so you can get started as soon as you leave the shop.

Each of the 20 walks is described in detail, with clear directions, maps and useful information plus an indication of how long each walk takes. They vary in length, some only a mile or two, others much longer, as you will see from the list below.

If you want to take supplies with you, the shop sells a variety of sandwiches, pies and drinks. Or you could go to The Westbury Inn for a post-walk cider.

WESTBURY WALKS Distance in miles
1 Millway, Broadway Hill 3
2 Strawberry Special 7.8
3 Ebbor Gorge, Wookey Hole, Wattles Hill, Easton 7.6
4 Priddy Veal Lane 5.6
5 Westbury-sub-Mendip Village 4
6 Priddy 6
7 Rodney Stoke & Draycott Loop 5.8
8 Hollybrook 2
9 Priddy Nine Barrows 9
10 Easton Levels 3.5
11 Ebbor Gorge, Rookham, Milton Hill, Wookey Hole, Easton 9.6
12 Lodge Hill 2.3
13 Coxton End Lane 5.4
14 Rodney Stoke & Stoke Woods 6.3
15 Ramspits 3.6
16 Ebbor Wood 5.7
17 Wells & back 11.3
18 Barrow Wood Land & the River Axe 6.6
19 Broadmead Quarry 2.7
20 Wedmore & back 11.2

 

Short Tennis

“Turn up and Play” 

Friday short tennis sessions in Westbury Sub Mendip Village Hall 

22 Nov   5-6 pm 

29 Nov   4-5 pm 

20 Dec   5-6 pm 

 

The charge is £2.00 per person . All equipment provided.

Just turn up on the day! 

 

Car Keys found

A set of Car and House Keys were found in the road near the village shop (10:45, Thursday 1st August 2019), and have been handed in there.

Sunday 126 bus service – Revised Summer Timetable

First Group have recently provided an update to the 126 service bus timetable:

Service 126, which runs between Wells and Weston via Cheddar, also takes in some of the popular tourist destinations in the region. Typically a Monday to Saturday service, the 126 will have a Sunday and Public Holiday summer timetable reinstated between 31 March and 3 November inclusive.

126 Timetable

 

WESTBURY WALKS GROUP

Over the past few years Nick Mayor and Austin Little created a series of 20 Westbury Walks. These vary in length, but each one starts and finishes at The Cross, and has a detailed description of the route and points of interest along it.

It’s important that these descriptions are kept up-to-date, a major task which Nick Mayor combined with his duties as Parish Footpath Officer. After Nick’s death, there is clearly a danger that updating will slip, especially as few of us walk as frequently or as far as he did.

The suggested solution to this is that a group of people each take responsibility for one or more routes, undertake to walk these at least once a year, and report any changes that need to be made to the route description.

In addition, the “walkers” should note any blockages and stiles or bridges that need repair, and report these to the new Parish Footpaths Officer. He can then pass these on to the parish council and the local authority for action.

We plan to hold a meeting in the Westbury Inn in mid/late March to work out who will take on which paths, and the practicalities of reporting and updating.

In the meantime, if you’d like to know more please talk to Austin Little or Andrew Buchanan, or you can email us using the Contact Form on the Westbury Society page

Westbury Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – full lists

St. Lawrence, Westbury-sub-Mendip

To help those interested in researching local and family history, the Westbury Society page now includes links to downloadable .pdf files covering all the known baptisms, marriages and burials in St Lawrence church and churchyard.

For privacy, the publicly available data only goes up to 1920. Should you need post-1920 information, please use the Contact Form on the Westbury Society page.

Image by Ian Rob, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63883242

Westbury Community Shop is Open

 

Draycott A371 October closure

SOMERSET COUNTY COUNCIL
DISTRICT OF MENDIP
PARISH OF RODNEY STOKE
Temporary Closure of Wells Road
TAKE NOTICE that in pursuance of Section 14(1) of the Road Traffic Regulations
Act 1984, as amended by the Road Traffic (Temporary Restrictions) Act 1991, the
County Council of Somerset propose to make an Order PROHIBITING ALL
TRAFFIC from proceeding along Wells Road from the junction with School Lane,
south-eastwards for a distance of 740 metres.
This order will enable Wales & West Utilities to carry out gas mains replacement
works in this road.
The Order becomes effective on 01 October 2018 and will remain in force for
eighteen months. The works are expected to last for 12 weeks.
Please visit www.roadworks.org for further information on the alternative route
For information about the works being carried out please contact Wales & West
Utilities on 0800 9122 999
Patrick Flaherty
Chief Executive
Dated: 13 September 2018

Clean Air

Mendip District Council updated their Clean Air advice recently,

http://www.mendip.gov.uk/article/5396/Air-Quality-and-Pollution

and as summer progresses their advice on bonfires becomes increasingly pertinent. They say …

Garden Bonfires

There is no law that bans bonfires within Mendip, and there are no set times when bonfires can be lit. However smoke from bonfires can cause a nuisance to your neighbours, and the Council can take action where bonfires are deemed to be unreasonable, or are happening too frequently. Before having a bonfire please consider the following:

  • Can the garden waste be composted, or taken to a Somerset Waste Partnership
  • If you produce garden waste regularly you may wish to take advantage of the Garden Waste Collection Service that is available
  • Before lighting a bonfire check that neighbours do not have their washing out
  • Make sure materials to be burnt are dry, so that they burn quickly and produce less smoke
  • Aim to burn material as quickly as possible and never leave the fire unattended
  • Never burn materials that are likely to cause dark smoke, or strong smells, such as plastics, rubber, foams, painted products etc